Italy in 41 historical maps
The name Italy (Latin Italia) can be traced back to ancient times for the peninsula, though it was initially designated for the region of the lower part of Southern Italy by Greek settlers. Most likely it is derived from the ancient word Viteliu, meaning "land of young cattle". Italy had been a rich agricultural country since ancient times. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the Lombard invasions, Italia gradually became the collective name for various sovereign entities present on the peninsula. Italy was already described by Ptolemy in his Geographia (150AD). The accompanying maps were worked out again by European cartographers at the end of the 15th century. It is also depicted on the Portolan charts during the late middle ages, when the Mediterranean was a centre for navigation and trade. The first printed separate maps of Italy appeared in the early 16th century. The city of Rome was most likely founded in 752 BC. It was once the capital of the Roman Empire (27BC - 476AD) and is now both the capital of Italy and the seat of the RC church. A map of the city was included in the first European town atlas, published by Hogenberg & Braun in 1572.