Saudi Arabia in 38 historical maps
Saudi Arabia means "Arabia of the Sauds", referring to the ruling dynasty. The dynasty itself took its name from the patriarch Saud, whose name means 'constellation'. Arabia itself is a Latin name, probably of Semitic origin, although as early as Ancient Egypt the region was known as Ar Rabi. The first separate map of the region was designed by Ptolemy (150AD). The map was worked out again by European cartographers at the end of the 15th century. The first separately printed maps of (Saudi) Arabia appeared in the late 16th century.