Hungary in 31 historical maps
The name Hungary means “Alliance of the ten tribes”. Byzantine chronicles gave this name to the Hungarians; the chroniclers mistakenly assumed that the Hungarians had Turkish origins, based on their Turkish-nomadic customs and appearance, despite the Uralic language of the people. The Hungarian tribes later actually formed an alliance of the 7 Hungarian and 3 Khazarian tribes, but the name is from before then, and first applied to the original seven Hungarian tribes. The ethnonym Hunni, referring to the Huns, has influenced the Latin (and English) spelling. The first separately printed map of Hungary (and surroundings) appeared in 1528. More detailed maps were included in the atlases of Ortelius and Mercator at the end of the 16th century. Budapest became the capital of Hungary in 1919, after the 2 cities Buda and Pest had been joined together in 1873. Early settlements (of Buda) go back to Celtic times. A map of the city was included in the first European town atlas, published by Hogenberg & Braun in 1572 onwards.