Turkey in 32 historical maps
The name Turkey refers to Land of the Turks. The name for this ethnic group was first used by the ancient Greek and means "(strong) owner". Turkey was also described by Ptolemy in his Geographia (150AD). The accompanying maps were worked out again by European cartographers at the end of the 15th century. Numerous separately printed maps of the country appeared in the following centuries. The western part of present-day Turkey was named Asia Minor (Little Asia) or (A)Natolia - meaning East or "sunrise" - on 16th and 17th century maps. The city Ankara became the capital in 1923. In ancient times it was called Ancyra. According to a legend it was already founded in the 9th century BC.