Greece in 39 historical maps
The name Greece means "Land of the Greeks". The Latin name as introduced by the Romans is Graecia. Its origin is uncertain but it may be derived from the Proto-Greek word grauj ('old age') or the Proto-Indo-European word gere ('to grow old'). The Greeks themselves called their country Hellas. This name refers to Hellen (son of Deucalion and Pyrrha), a figure found in ancient Greek mythology. Greece was already described by Ptolemy (ca. 150 AD) and other classical Greek and Roman scholars. The coastline and their numerous small islands were mapped more accurate on Portolan charts of the 14th and 15th century. The first separately printed maps appeared in the (early) 16th century. The history of the city Athens dates back to ca. 1300BC. Since classical times it has been a center of science, art and politics. In 1833 it became the capital of Greece.