Mexico in 34 historical maps
The origin of the name Mexico (Mexihca) is uncertain. Most likely it means "navel of the moon", based on Nahuatl metztli (moon) and xictli (navel).* It may also be derived from Mexihco, the name of the ancient Aztec capital, given by the Spanish colonists. At the end of the 16th century and early 17th century the name Mexico was also used on maps to identify large parts of present day United States. The Latin name Nova Hispania (New Spain) was used for a smaller region centred around the present-day capital Mexico City. On the world map of Ribero (1527) the eastern coastline of present-day Mexico is depicted remarkably accurate. On the atlas maps made by the Dieppe school (1547) the western coastline is also shown. One of the first separately engraved maps of Mexico was made by Italian cartographers in 1561. Numerous copies of other European cartographers would follow. Mexico-City has been arisen from the ancient city Tenochtitlán, which had been founded by the Aztecs in 1325. It became the capital of Mexico in 1821. A map of the city was included in the first town atlas, published by Hogenberg & Braun in 1572.
*Nahuatl is a language spoken by the native inhabitants of Mexico