Indonesia & The Philippines
Indonesia & The Philippines in 35 historical maps
Indonesia is a former Dutch colony. Its name came into use after their independence in 1945. The name means Indian Islands. Before that the name Nederlands Oost-Indië (Dutch East Indies or short East Indies) was used on maps.* The Philippines are a former Spanish colony. The name refers to King Philip II of Spain. The name appeared for the first time on maps at the end of the 16th century. The first separately printed maps of both groups of islands were published in the early 16th century by Italian cartographers. More detailed maps were made in the midst of the 17th century by Dutch explorers and mapmakers (VOC). Jakarta became the capital city of an independent Indonesia after WW2. The city was built in 1619 by the VOC (Dutch East-Indies Company) on the ruins of a settlement called Jacatra. The Dutch named it Batavia. The city Manila was founded in 1521 by Miguel Lopez de Legaspi at the location of a settlement called Maynila-Hondo. In 1975 it became the capital of the Philippines.
*The name India is referring to the Indus River (or Sindhu)