Ireland in 45 historical maps
The name Ireland is derived from the Celtic word Eire, meaning "the fertile place". On ancient (world) maps the Latin name Hibernia or Ibernia (later Irlandia) was used, which refers to the wintry or cold climate of this remote place. Ireland was already described by Ptolemy in his Geographia (150AD). The accompanying maps were worked out again by European cartographers at the end of the 15th century. Being part of the British Isles, Ireland is also depicted on the Mappa Mundi in medieval times. The coastline was drawn in more detail on 15th century Portolan charts (nautical maps). The first (printed) separate maps of Ireland appeared in the 16th century. The capital city Dublin was founded by the Vikings in about 900AD. An early settlement was described by Ptolemy and called Eblana. An (inset) map of the city was made by John Speed in 1610, which also appeared in the town atlas of Hogenberg & Braun a few years later.